Troubled Spanish lender Bankia announces a return to profit after a disastrous 2012 that saw record losses and an EU-sponsored bailout.
Excerpt from: Spain’s Bankia returns to profit
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Troubled Spanish lender Bankia announces a return to profit after a disastrous 2012 that saw record losses and an EU-sponsored bailout.
Excerpt from: Spain’s Bankia returns to profit
Shares in Bankia drop almost 20% after Spain’s bank rescue fund assigns the troubled lender a negative valuation of 4.2bn euros due to bad loans.
Read more here: Spanish bank has ‘negative value’
Shares in Spain’s Bankia plunged Thursday as private investors ditched the stock before an imminent EU-backed rescue that will see them lose much of their holdings.
Go here to read the rest: Bankia’s stock plunges as bailout looms
Bad bank is part of ambitious new banking law Spain’s conservative government promises will save ailing finance sector
Spain will inject emergency capital into the country’s biggest ailing bank, Bankia, as it puts into place reforms to allow loss-making banks to receive eurozone bailout money.
The move came after Bankia admitted losing more than €4bn (£3.168bn) in the first half year and as the conservative government of prime minister Mariano Rajoy delayed a decision on losses to be absorbed by small investors in bailed out banks.
The Fund for the Orderly Bank Restructurin (Frob) said Bankia’s restructuring plan should be ready by October, allowing eurozone rescue money to arrive in November. “While the restructuring process is completed, the Frob intends to inject capital shortly,” it said. This would be an advance on the eurozone money.
The Spanish government passed an ambitious banking law on Friday pledging once more that this would be the definitive shakeup for its finance sector that needs up to a €100bn (£80bn) bailout.
“This brings reform of the finance system to its crowning point,” the deputy prime minister, Soraya Saenz de Santamaría, said as the government presented its third reform in six months.
A so-called “bad bank” will swallow large amounts of the toxic real estate that has brought down several Spanish banks and threatens several more. The property is left over from the housing construction bubble that burst in 2008, just as the credit crunch happened, and which lies at the root of Spain’s double-dip recession and 25% unemployment.
The bad bank will receive building plots, unfinished developments and possibly tens of thousands of unsold homes from developers who went bust or are struggling to repay loans. It will be expected to sell this stock at a profit over the next 10 to 15 years. “It will be viable and will not post losses,” the finance minister, Luis de Guindos, said.
The creation of the bad bank – which the government hoped would be mostly privately financed – was one of the demands made by the eurozone countries providing the €100bn loan facility to Spain’s banks.
The law also creates a process for breaking up and winding down banks, while ensuring that small savers who invested widely in risky preference shares in banks would bear some of the losses when they are bailed out.
The decision to use the Frob to inject capital into Bankia rather than an emergency facility set aside by the eurozone rescue fund, came as the finance ministry failed to give full details of what losses would be born by shareholders and small investors who bought hybrid preference shares in banks that receive eurozone money. Those losses may now not be made public until after regional elections in Galicia and the Basque country in October.
De Guindos did not say what price the bad bank would pay for toxic assets, but promised a transparent system. This should be in place by December.
“The reform is a step in the right direction, but there is still much to do,” said Carlos Vergara, of the IESE business school, pointing to doubts about the price the bad bank will pay for toxic assets and the names of those banks that are not considered viable.
“The key is at what price these assets are bought,” agreed Jordi Fabregat of the Esade business school. “If it is too high, then the Spanish people will end up paying for it.”
De Guindos said the two rounds of provisioning ordered earlier this year should ease the process of setting a price as some of the worst assets, such as building land, are now provisioned at 80%.
Spain’s banks have an estimated €184bn in toxic real-estate loans and investments, but only some will go to the bad bank.
The law also raised core capital requirements – the level of high-quality assets banks must to hold to protect them against economic shocks – to 9%.
With the economy shrinking at 1.3% a year, Spain is struggling to convince markets it can avoid a full government bailout.
Money continues to leave the country, with the Bank of Spain reporting on Friday a net capital outflow for the first six months of 2012 of €220bn, against a €22bn inflow for the same period last year.
Spanish bond yields crept up to 6.9% on Friday, just below the 7% level seen as unsustainable for sovereign borrowing costs. The crisis in Spain’s regional governments was also underlined when credit agency S&P cut debt-ridden Catalonia’s rating to junk.
Former IMF chief Rodrigo Rato is one of 33 current and former officials at Spanish lender Bankia who will become the focus of a fraud inquiry.
See more here: Bankia officials face fraud probe
• Auditors in Spain find black hole of up to €62bn
• Result of UK review likely to mark four big lenders down
Britain’s banks were facing downgrades of their credit ratings on Thursday night – just hours after the markets began digesting an admission by Spain that its own banks might need up to €62bn (£50bn) of bailout money to see them through the next three years.
The result of an independent audit of Spain’s banks put the gap in their finances at between €16bn and €62bn – close to the €50bn calculated by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) two weeks ago.
The UK’s banks are expected to be among a number being downgraded by Moody’s following a four-month review of the viability of investment banking businesses and the crisis in the eurozone.
In February, Moody’s warned that bailed-out Royal Bank of Scotland faced a one-notch downgrade, and Barclays and HSBC up to a two-notch downgrade. The UK’s other bailed-out bank, Lloyds Banking Group, is also facing a downgrade under a simultaneous review of more than 100 financial institutions’ financial health as a result of the eurozone crisis.
A downgrade can push up the cost of borrowing for a bank and require it put up extra collateral for some existing loans. RBS, for instance, has estimated that a one-notch downgrade could force it to put up an extra £12.5bn in collateral.
Spain’s banks were downgraded by Moody’s in May amid concerns about the strength of the banking system, and Thursday’s independent assessment of Spain’s banks will be used by the government in Madrid to calculate the final sum it will ask for when it makes its formal petition for bailout money from Europe’s rescue funds.
The figures were well below the maximum of €100bn that eurozone governments have offered Spain to bail out those banks that are still laden with toxic assets left over from a property bubble that burst four years ago.
Officials said that the formal petition would come within days, though they did not say what the final figure would be or whether the government would add a security cushion.
The studies, carried out by auditing companies Roland Berger and Oliver Wyman, covered 14 banking groups that account for 90% of the sector in Spain.
Officials hoped that the figures would help calm markets, which responded to the announcement of the bailout two weeks ago by putting further pressure on Spain’s state borrowing costs. “We hope this will be definitive,” said the secretary of state for the economy, Fernando Jiménez. “We have a generous backstop and are already carrying out a very aggressive provisioning.”
Markets had lost confidence in Spain’s ability to judge its own banking needs after the two rounds of provisioning ordered so far this year failed to prevent the downfall of Bankia, the country’s fourth biggest lender, which had to be part-nationalised.
Bankia’s new management has already said it needs an injection of €19bn of capital. “There was some uncertainty about the resistance of the system,” Jiménez admitted. “This is an additional exercise in transparency.”
Spain’s borrowing costs had been falling over the past three days but on Thursday the country still had to pay its highest interest rate for 16 years to raise money over three and five years.
The auditors did not produce figures for individual banks, though officials insisted that the study showed that the biggest three lenders – Santander, BBVA and Caixabank – would not need any injection of public capital. A second group of banks may be able to raise capital themselves or might prefer to ask for bailout money. A third group of lenders is made up of former savings banks, like Bankia, that have already received state support.
Analysts welcomed the results, but warned they were based on figures that are already six months out of date, in a country that is now in recession.
“The decision to bring in independent consultants to pore over the loan books of banks has injected much-needed credibility into the restructuring of Spain’s banking sector,” said Nicholas Spiro of Spiro Sovereign Strategy. “The perception among foreign investors that the severity of the problems in the banking system are not being recognised is no longer justified.”
Economy minister Luis de Guindos, who was in Luxembourg with eurozone colleagues to discuss Spain’s request, said a formal application would be made within a few days.
Eurozone finance ministers offered Spain a bailout loan of up to €100bn on 9 June. The terms of the loan – for which the Spanish government, rather than the banks, will ultimately be responsible – still have to be negotiated.
Move by bailed-out Spanish bank set to cause controversy if Europe is asked to foot some of €19bn needed by Bankia
A former senior executive at bailed-out Spanish bank Bankia is to receive a €14m (£11.2m) payoff in a move that will cause controversy beyond the country’s borders if Europe is asked to help rescue Spain’s banks.
As the government seeks to raise the €19bn needed by Bankia, the news that Aurelio Izquierdo would walk away with such a large payoff raised questions about what Spain’s troubled banks have been doing with their money.
Another former senior Bankia executive, Matías Amat, received €6.2m for taking early retirement, aged just 58, in September.
News of the payoffs came amid growing uproar over the multimillion euro deals handed out to executives at Spain’s cajas, or savings banks, during the boom years when they helped inflate a housing bubble that burst four years ago.
Many have since been forced out of the banks they ruined, taking millions more euros in payoffs.
The toxic real estate assets they left behind are at the root of growing worries that Spanish banks will need a European-funded bailout on top of the Bankia rescue.
Spanish government sources, who at the weekend said they would likely give Bankia government debt as collateral to raise €19bn from the European Central Bank, backtracked on Tuesday. Now they claim that, despite Spain’s high borrowing costs, the country can raise the money itself on the markets.
“There is a clear preference to tap the market. The other option is marginal,” a government source told Reuters.
Bankia’s parent company BFA on Monday reported a €3.3bn loss for 2011 – one hundred times larger than previously stated.
Bankia said on Tuesday that bailout money would not be used for the multimillion euro executive payoffs as the sums were already accounted for. In Izquierdo’s case, they said, the money was owed by one of the seven cajas that merged to form Bankia, and which remain shareholders, rather than by the new bank.
Izquierdo was the number two at Bancaja, the second largest of the cajas that were merged two years ago.
He went on to take a senior position at Bankia before leaving to run the Banco de Valencia, which has since had to be rescued. He then returned to Bancaja and will get the €14m when he leaves.
Bancaja brought large amounts of toxic real estate to the merger. Bankia’s parent company BFA now recognises €40bn of such assets.
Bancaja operated in eastern Valencia, a coastal region that became a byword for both voracious construction and political corruption.
With control of individual cajas in the hands of local politicians, their presidents were largely political appointees.
A study by economists Luis Garicano and Vicente Cuñat in 2009 found a close relationship between political caja bosses and bad loans. These increased by 50% where the president was a politician with no banking experience.
Bankia’s executive chairman until he was forced to resign three weeks ago was Rodrigo Rato, a former finance minister for the governing People’s party (PP) of prime minister Mariano Rajoy.
Matías was originally employed by Caja Madrid, the biggest of the seven savings banks – whose president was Rato.
Rato and his predecessor at Caja Madrid, Miguel Blesa, were named in a private writ lodged at a Madrid court house on Tuesday which blames the two men and other executives for the fall of Spain’s fourth largest bank.
Anti-corruption prosecutors are also reportedly investigating senior executives at other failed cajas.
PP-run Valencia is one of the Spain’s biggest regional government overspenders, contributing heavily to the national deficit. Its government has been handed junk status by credit ratings agencies.
Rajoy’s government is expected later this week to announce plans to issue bonds to fund regional governments like Valencia, adding further to the national debt.
Borrowing costs are near to euro-era records, however, amid worries about when Spain will recover from its second recession in three years and start cutting its 24% unemployment rate.
Retail sales fell 9.8% in the year to April, underlining the impact of government austerity measures.
Rajoy’s government, which came to power in December, has passed a law severely limiting executive pay at nationalised banks.
Bankia hurtles 24.5% lower in Madrid following news that Spain’s government will provide €19B to the lender. Shares had been suspended on Friday ahead of the announcement by Bankia of its recapitalization requirements. The developments are pressuring other bank stocks, with Bankinter (BKNIY.PK) -4.1% and Santander (STD) -1.1%. 1 comment!
Read more: Bankia hurtles 24.5% lower in Madrid following news that Spain’s government will provide ;19B to the lender. Shares had been suspended on Friday ahead of the announcement by Bankia of its recapitalization requirements. The developments are…
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As in Asia, EU shares are mostly higher following weekend polls that put the pro-bailout New Democracy in the lead in Greece. EU STOXX 50 +0.2%, London +0.9%, Paris +0.4% and Frankfurt +1%, although Milan is -0.3% and Madrid is -1% as Bankia gets hammered over its bailout and takes down other banks with it.
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The rest is here: As in Asia, EU shares are mostly higher following weekend polls that put the pro-bailout New Democracy in the lead in Greece. EU STOXX 50 +0.2%, London +0.9%, Paris +0.4% and Frankfurt +1%, although Milan is -0.3% and Madrid is -1% as Bankia gets…
• David Cameron to discuss euro crisis with Bank governor Sir Mervyn King, and FSA’s Lord Turner at Number 10
• Spanish 10-year bond yields hit 6.5%
• Alarm as Italian auction costs rise
• FTSE 100 jumps 50 points…
• Bankia shares down 27%
• Christine Lagarde under fire over tax comments
3.16pm: With no direction from the US and a summery day, markets are experiencing a fairly thin time in terms of volume, so perhaps it is not surprising the market’s early enthusiasm has pretty much evaporated.
The FTSE 100 is now down 2.5 points at 5349.03 – having touched 5413 – while Germany and France are virtually flat. Precious metals have edged lower too, viz:
RISK starting to come OFF … Silver – which has been a good proxy for RISK recently is down 0.42% and Gold is now off its highs.
— Steve Collins (@TradeDesk_Steve) May 28, 2012
2.47pm: Thin trading on European stock exchanges makes it difficult to discern the underlying mood on trading floors, though we can all make an educated guess. And that is gloomy.
This morning there was a rosy glow as a series of polls in Greece put the pro-austerity parties back on track for a small majority, and the Greek stock market is still higher this afternoon than its Friday close, on the renewed optimism among investors of a yes vote.
But elsewhere the difficulties in Spain have brought traders back to earth with a bump. Spain’s Ibex was down another 2% by 13.30 GMT. The FTSEurofirst 300 lost its early gains and had dropped 9 points from 993 to 984. The FTSE 100 struggled to a 10 point rise at 5362 by 13.50 GMT.
2.27pm: Over at the Daily Telegraph, frustration at the situation in Spain is growing. Ambrose Evans-Pritchard believes Spain has run out of money:
Where is the €23.5bn for the Bankia rescue going to come from? The state’s Fund for Orderly Bank Restructuring is down to €5.3bn, and there are many other candidates for that soup kitchen… I fail to see how Spain gains anything durable from an EFSF loan package.
The underlying crisis will grind on. Yes, the current account deficit has dropped from 10pc to 3.5pc of GDP, but chiefly by crushing internal demand and pushing the jobless toll to 5.6m.
The “unemployment adjusted current account equilibrium” — to coin a concept – is frankly frightening. Spain is quite simply in the wrong currency. That is the root of the crisis. Loan packages merely drag out the agony.
2.12pm: Reuters is running a story about electrical retailer Dixons and its efforts to prevent a Grexit wrecking its local business. Apparently it has spent the last few weeks “stockpiling security shutters to protect its nearly 100 stores across Greece in case of a riot”.
The planning, says Dixons chief Sebastian James, may look “alarmist” but it’s good to be prepared.
The article documents how Dixons and other major operators in Greece are taking their cash out and adopting a low profile. Diageo has slashed its marketing spend and withdrawn stocks, while BMW has already cut deliveries.
2.06pm: The word on Barclays acquisition of 23,500 flats in Germany is that they stem from the collapse of a landlord that owed the bank lots of money. Barclays repossessed the homes last year and has been looking to offload them ever since. So now you know.
1.57pm: Sorry, that is a 24-hour media strike in Greece and not a 48-hour stoppage as mention earlier, which explain why there is no TV news today and no newspapers tomorrow.
1.32pm: As Bankia looks to sell its stakes in corporates such as British Airways/IAG while it wrestles with €32bn of toxic loans, Barclays is quietly offloading some of its assets.
The UK listed bank has agreed to sell its huge portfolio of apartments in north and eastern Germany to a local real estate firm. Who knew its property empire was so extensive?
Well there are around 23,500 flats and the provisional value is €1.2bn, making them worth a bargain €51,000 each, roughly.
If that seems low, it must be taken into account that Germany has a surplus of homes and a declining and ageing population, especially in the eastern half of the country. Though that begs the question, what was Barclays doing with them on its books in the first place. Maybe someone at the bank will tell us before the day is over.
1.23pm: And of course we should mention the strike by journalists in Greece that means there will be no newspapers tomorrow. TV news blackouts are already in operation. We’ve been here before. There was a four-day strike last month against redundancies. This time its wage cuts that have angered staff and the strike is to last two days.
1.09pm: Asked about the need to modify eurozone bailout mechanisms to allow direct bank recapitalisations , Spanish prime minister Rajoy agreed, presumably because his real intention at some stage is a backdoor re-financing by the ECB.
Some commentators cannot understand why he has refused to send Bankia directly to the ECB in search of the capital it needs.
Control is one issue. The Irish have devised clever schemes with their banks such that they delay indefinitely the interest on small parcels of debt held with its own central bank, sanctioned by the ECB. Maybe the Spanish want to concoct something similar.
12.39pm: More from Spanish prime minister Rajoy.
He says that when Bankia – which needs an injection of some €19bn – is recapitalised it will be sold, and the state’s investment recovered. But the sale will only happen when the bank is cleaned up.
There are talks about the best way to inject public funds into the banks, but no discussions with the ECB about rescue funding for Bankia. But he has reportedly suggested the EU bailout fund should help recapitalise the banks (we await the German response to this).
Rajoy: Eu Bailout Fund Should Be Able To Recap Banks Directly
— Steve Collins (@TradeDesk_Steve) May 28, 2012
As for Catalonia – which on Friday asked for government help – he said the region was not bankrupt but there was a liquidity problem.
12.28pm: It seems the UK chancellor George Osborne will also attend the Number 10 meeting between the Prime Minister, Bank of England and Financial Services Authority …
12.25pm: Spanish prime minister Mariano Rajoy is calling on Europe to make structural reforms, including labour mobility to help combat the current crisis.
In an unscheduled press conference (webcast in Spanish here) he says Europe must move towards further monetary and fiscal integration.
He also said Spain runs the risk of not being able to finance itself if it does not cut its deficit. As for the banks, he said the total figure for bank rescues would have to wait until the results of the independent audit being conducted. But he said there would not be any external rescue of Spanish banks (does this include the ECB bond suggestion?)
He calls for a “decision and clear move” to dissipate doubts over the euro.
12.09pm: Financial markets were holding onto their early gains as clocks across the City struck noon, with most major European markets up almost 1% (the FTSE 100 is 46 points higher at 5397).
Spain’s IBEX is the only market to lose ground, down 57 points at 6485, following the increase in its bond yields this morning. With Wall Street closed, and parts of Europe celebrating Whitson, there’s a feeling of calm in the City.
David Jones, chief market strategist at IG Index, said traders were focusing on yesterday’s polling data suggesting New Democracy is currently the most popular Greek party (see 8.22am). He added:
The reaction to poll results may be seen as a little fickle and we have got used to any positive news quickly getting swamped by the next tranche of disappointment, but it has lifted the London index back to its best levels for nearly a week.
With the US closed for its Memorial Day holiday it is probably going to be a quiet afternoon and the weather could mean that lunch breaks end up a little longer than usual.
Which sounds like a good time for a lunchtime round-up of the main developments, after a fairly calm morning:
• David Cameron is to meet with the Governor of the Bank of England and the head of the Financial Services Authority to discuss the eurozone crisis:
• The latest polling data from Greece has put New Democracy in the lead, but analysts warn the situation is still fluid.
• Shares in Bankia fell sharply, following the news that it needs €19bn of new capital Fears over the state of Spain’s banking sector pushed up the yield on the country’s 10-year bonds to 6.5%.
• Italy saw its borrowing costs hit their highest level since last December, at an auction of two-year debt. Analysts were not impressed.
11.46am: Goldman Sachs sent its clients a research note this morning which outlines three scenarios for the Greek crisis.
Here’s the top-line summary :
In the most likely scenario, the new Greek government emerging from the June 17 election neither chooses to exit the euro nor agrees unconditionally to implement the existing EU/IMF programme. This will lead to a cessation of troika payments, but would not of itself constitute Greek exclusion from the Euro area, provided Greek banks continue to enjoy access to ECB facilities. Such a scenario is consistent with our forecast for European macro variables and asset prices.
At the same time, there will also be (slow) progress toward deeper policy integration (financial market and banking regulations, fiscal coordination, and ex ante risk-sharing), in order to build the firewall necessary to make the Euro area resilient to a possible future Greek exit. In this scenario, the very large insurance premium priced into US Treasuries and German Bunds should gradually dissipate. Equities would likely rise, but initially only modestly given the continued weak growth picture.
Were Greece to unilaterally exit and introduce its own currency, the ECB would presumably halt the flow of Euro liquidity to Greece. Greece would be cut off from capital markets, forcing the government to a primary cash balance. The knock-on dislocations to the real economy could lower Euro area GDP by up to 2 percentage points, even assuming that robust counter measures are taken by the policy authorities. Our expectation would be that the policy response would be substantial. The hit to earnings expectations would likely push the SXXP down to 225, although uncertainty could push the ERP even higher (from 8.7% currently), pushing the SXXP back to at least the 215 low of last September or more and 10-yr rates to as low as 1.5% and 1.0% in the US and Germany respectively.
There is no legal mechanism to force Greece out, but in practice it would be possible de facto by denying Greek banks access to ECB facilities. We see this as less likely than #1 but more likely than #2; it is more market friendly than #2 being a more “managed” exercise. Most likely, peripheral countries’ would have received assurance that the ECB will intervene in bond markets to limit contagion preventing a sharp widening in spreads. The likely hit to GDP of up to 1% is already discounted in equities although uncertainty may result in an initial overshoot. If the policy response was powerful, we could see a strong rally from any lower levels.
11.38am: David Cameron is to meet with Sir Mervyn King, the governor of the Bank of England, and Lord Adair Turner, chairman of the Financial Services Authority, this afternoon to discuss the eurozone crisis.
We understand that the meeting is taking place at Number 10 Downing Street.
Senior representatives from the Treasury, the third part of Britain’s Tripartite system of financial regulation, will also be attending.
Sources close to the situation are indicating that the talks are not a major event, but it’s an interesting development. Cameron himself argued last week that Europe needs to draw up plans to survive a Greek exit, while King has said openly in the past that Britain has done its own contingency work. One to watch this afternoon….
Sky News reckons the talks will focus on the efforts to strengthen the British banking sector:
Sky sources: Cameron to discuss eurozone & how plans to stabilise UK banks are going with heads of FSA & BoE this afternoon
— Peter Hoskins (@PeterHoskinsSky) May 28, 2012
11.17am: The idea that Spain’s government would recapitalise Bankia with Spanish government bonds, which would then be deposited with the European Central Bank in exchange for fresh capital, is causing some alarm in the City today.
The plan, which is not yet official, is seen as another short-term fix that actually increases the overall dangers.
One Spanish official told Reuters this morning that the ECB appeared to support the idea. From the terminal:
“The ECB has been closely consulted on this. The solution has been used by Germany and Ireland in the past. It is perfectly valid… My understanding is that (the ECB) did not object to it,” the source said.
But experts are concerned….Mike van Dulken of Accendo Markets described it at a kind of financial “jiggery pokery” that has the potential to be copied elsewhere:
Spanish bank/govt bond jiggery pokery exactly the type of financial ingenuity we need to be careful of. Especially if it starts being copied
— Mike van Dulken (@Accendo_Mike) May 28, 2012
Michael Hewson of CMC Markets compared Spain and Bankia to “two drunks” trying to hold each other up:
Can’t help thinking that Bankia recap plans regarding taking sovereign bonds as collateral is akin to 2 drunks propping each other up #spain
— Michael Hewson (@michaelhewson) May 28, 2012
10.52am: Nicholas Spiro of Spiro Sovereign Strategy is concerned by the results of this morning’s Italian bond auction (see see 10.21am)
Spiro argues that this morning’s auction should have benefitted from the lack of other auctions this week, its small size, and the fact that Italy is less of a worry than Spain. Instead, though, the Italian Treasury had to pay much costs to get the sale away.
Italy, he warns, faces “a confluence of growing domestic and external risks.” (a shrinking domestic economy, growing nervousness over the eurozone among investors, and the ever-present threat of Greece crashing out of the euro).
The big risk, though is political uncertainty, Spiro argues:
Mario Monti’s position is becoming increasingly precarious because of the growing uncertainty surrounding his parliamentary support base. Italian politics is currently in a state of extreme flux. While this is background noise for the markets right now, how all this plays out in the coming months will have important implications for Italy’s creditworthiness.
10.21am: Bond market news: Italy’s borrowing costs have risen at an auction of government debt.
The Italian treasury found buyers for €3.5bn of two-year bonds. But the yield (effectively the interest rate on the bond) rose to 4.037%, sharply higher than 3.355% at a smiar auction last month. Demand for the bonds was also a little lower (the bid-to-cover ratio came in at 1.66, down from 1.8%).
It suggests investors are demanding higher rate of return in exchange for holding Italian debt.
With Spanish yields rising in the secondary bond market today, the message is that the two large, peripheral eurozone members are under a little more pressure today….
UPDATE: Reuters reckons this is the highest yield set on an auction of Italian bonds since December 2011.
9.59am: Looking beyond Greece, and Spain, the latest economic data from Italy shows that the economic deterioration there is continuing.
Busiss morale in Italy has now fallen to its lowest level in almost three years, due to a drop in orders. Business leaders also said they were more pessimistic about the outlook. It’s understandable, given predictions of a harsh recession through 2012 – and the impact of Mario Monti’s austerity programme. Bloomberg has the full details.
9.36am: The Athens stock market has opened strongly this morning, with the main index jumping by 3% in early trading.
That mirrors the early rally in other stock markets on the back of polling data putting New Democracy in the lead ahead of the June 17 election (see 8.22am). Not much relief for Greek investors, though, after the Athens market hit its lowest point in over two decades last Friday.
9.25am: Spain is being buffetted in the bond market this morning, as concern grows over the cost of recapitalising its banks.
The yield on the benchmark 10-year Spanish bond jumped to 6.5% this morning, from 6.34% on Friday night. That’s a big enough move to suggest that bond traders are getting jittery — Spanish yields are heading back towards the record level seen during last November.
Along side that, the cost of insuring Spanish debt against default has jumped this morning. This has pushed the spread between the cost of a Spanish credit default swap and a German one to 505 basis points (5.05 percentage points). That’s the biggest spread since the euro was created.
9.08am: The moderate rally across Europe’s stock markets this morning (see 8.22am) is somewhat surprising, as it comes after it emerged that Greece’s former prime minister has warned that the country’s public finances could collapse in June.
Greek newspaper To Vima revealed on Sunday that Lucas Papademos has warned that Greece’s financial position was deteriorating rapidly, with tax revenues falling, spending cuts sliding and the withdrawal of bank deposits continuing.
A document sent by Papademos to Greece’s president during the failed negotiations earlier this month suggested that, without a new government in place soon, salaries and pensions might go unpaid. As Papademos put it:
The state will face considerable difficulty covering its expenses in June.
8.55am: Apologies for the late opening of comments below (a minor technical error). Many thanks to Kizbot for flagging it up. Thought you were a little quiet
8.51am: Over in Greece, the news that IMF chief Christine Lagarde had argued the financial crisis was payback time for years of good living and tax avoidance has provoked a stormy reaction.
Political leaders from across the spectrum have criticised Lagarde, with Pasok leader Evangelos Venizelos saying “Nobody has the right to humiliate the Greek people during the crisis .
Lagarde tried to clarify her position yesterday, posting this message on Facebook:
As I have said many times before, I am very sympathetic to the Greek people and the challenges they are facing. That’s why the IMF is supporting Greece in its endeavor to overcome the current crisis and return to the path of economic growth, jobs and stability. An important part of this effort is that everyone should carry their fair share of the burden, especially the most privileged and especially in terms of paying their taxes. That is the point I was emphasizing when I spoke to the Guardian newspaper as part of a broader interview some time ago.
But this has been rejected by Syriza’s Alexis Tsipras, who said Greeks didn’t need her sympathy as they laboured under “unbearable” taxes.
The issue of Greek ‘tax evasion’ has become such a crisis cliché that it’s hard to say exactly what the clear position is. Back in March, the head of the EC’s Task Force said Athens was making great progress in collecting back taxes, but claimed around €8bn of collectible revenue was still being missed. The IMF has also made improved tax collection a priority.
Marc Ostwald of Monument Securities has expressed some support for Lagarde’s position:
Greece, as Mme Lagarde correctly observed, will never extricate itself from its problems if the culture of tax avoidance and non-payment persists, and the deficiency of the Greek debt restructuring with respect to bringing its current debt to GDP ratio well below 80% with immediate effect – the election outcome will do nothing to change these facts, and are thus they are primarily a pointer on whether Greece exits the Euro immediately after, or whether it continues to limp towards the exit.
8.27am: Shares in Bankia have slumped by 27% this morning, as trading in the company resumed on the Madrid stock market.
Bankia shares shed €0.42 to €1.15, as traders responded to the news that Spain’s largest lender now needs needs €19bn in new capital. It’s not yet clear how that deal will be financed. It emerged last night that the Madrid government hopes to involve the European Central Bank – through a complicated scheme where Spanish government bonds would be used to pay for Bnak’s recapitalisation; with Banka then using bonds as collateral with the ECB as a way of raising new capital.
This would allow Spain to get around the ECB’s refusal to recapitalise banks directly, but could also fall foul of opposition at its Frankfurt HQ, and in Berlin.
As Giles Tremlett reports:
By avoiding the markets altogether, the government would indirectly “push the financing of Bankia’s bailout on to the ECB”, according to El País newspaper.
But the debt scheme raises questions about how the ECB, Merkel and the financial markets might react to Europe’s central bank helping rescue a nationalised Spanish bank laden with toxic real estate.
“You will have to ask the ECB that,” said one official in Madrid.
8.22am: European stock markets jumped in early trading, following opinion polling which showed that the New Democracy (ND) party was now on track to win the most votes in the June 17 election.
Several different opinion polls were published on Sunday by various Greek media outlets. Although the precise results varied, the broad message was that ND had achieved a lead over Syriza – of between 0.5 to 5.7%.
Two of the polls, conducted by Pulse and MARC, also indicated that ND and Pasok (which also supports the broad thrust of Greece’s current bailout programme), would win enough seats to secure a majority.
Although political analysts insist that the race is too close to call (and has a long way to run), the news was enough to send shares up in early trading. Here’s a round-up:
FTSE 100: up 50 points at 5401, + 0.9%
German DAX: up 74 points at 6414, + 1.17%
French CAC: up 33 points at 3081, + 1.1%
Chris Weston of IG Index commented that the stock markets have now become “a derivative of the Greek polls”, rising or falling depending who is leading the race.
Michael Hewson of CMC Markets pointed out that ND’s lead remains slender, and could quickly disappea, adding:
Expect markets to continue to react to the ebb and flow of sentiment with respect to each poll, right up to polling day.
A New Democracy-Pasok coalition would mean less chance of an immediate escalation of the crisis after the June 17 elections, as both parties broadly support the current terms of the Greek ‘Memorandum’. But it would not ease the country”s financial gloom, or the wider problems in the eurozone…
..as one financial analyst who blogs as Makro_trader pointed out:
Buy buy buy, Greek polls were good. Never mind the shadows that are ripping Spain to pieces
— Global macro (@Makro_Trader) May 28, 2012
8.15am: Good morning, and welcome to our rolling coverage of the eurozone debt crisis.
Coming up … we’ll be watching the twists and turns in the Greek election campaign. Polling released over the weekend indicated that New Democracy (which supports Greece’s bailout programme), has now inched ahead ahead of Syriza (which does not).
The prospect of a New Democracy-led government has been welcomed by City traders, as it would make an early Greek exit from the eurozone less likely. But with nearly three weeks to go until Greece heads to the ballot box again, the situation remains very fluid.
The other key issue is Spain’s banking crisis. The suspension of trading in Bankia shares will be lifted this morning, after being suspended late last week ahead of its request for €19bn recapitalisation on Friday night. Rumours of an EU bank rescue deal, in which weaker banks could be taken over by Brussels rather than failing, were circulating over the weekend.
In other news … Christine Lagarde’s claim (reported in Saturday’s Guardian) that Greeks must take responsibilty for their financial plight and “pay their taxes” has prompted a backlash against the International Monetary Fund’s managing director. After heavy criticism on social networks. Lagarde took to Facebook to explain that:
I am very sympathetic to the Greek people and the challenges they are facing.
We should see today if that’s enough to calm the row …